Cats are statistically the most popular pets in the world. As mice and rat catchers, cats have been used for millennia to combat storage pests. Already the ancient Egyptians (4000 BC) kept cats as pets and even worshiped them as deities because of their usefulness and elegance. In Asia (such as China and Japan) cats are still considered sacred animals and good luck. As a nocturnal animal, the cat has such good eyes that it can see well enough even in almost perfect darkness. The ears of the cat are about three times as sensitive as those of humans. Her fine hearing allows her to spot small rodents. A cat sleeps on average between 12 and 16 hours each day. Contrary to popular belief, cats do not tolerate cow’s milk because they can not break down the milk sugar (lactose). In nature, cats only feed on meat (small mammals, amphibians, reptiles and insects) and rarely drink because they can meet their need for water from the prey they have eaten. The oldest domestic cat was proud 36 years old. By comparison, when housing, cats are on average “only” 10-16 years old. While in the dog the tail wagging is a sign of joy, in the cat it means: “Attention, do not approach!” Cats do not just purr when they’re alright. To calm themselves, cats purr even when they are sick or nervous.
Domestic cats were never specifically bred. Therefore, they are available in all sizes, fur lengths and colors. There are very dainty representatives, who bring just 2.5 kilograms on the scales, but also just right Colossi with up to 8 kilograms of body weight. The typical domestic cat, as often happens on farms, looks a bit roundish. The most common among us are the two-colored and tabby domestic cats. But each litter brings forth new colors and drawings. So every domestic cat is a real individual.
As different as the domestic cat may be from its outward appearance, so different are domestic cats in their nature. While one is a real daredevil and likes to play and hunt all day long, the other domestic cat can turn out to be a nasty Garfield. However, what all domestic cats have in common, regardless of their attachment to their owner, is the love of freedom. Domestic cats are contrary to many previous claims no loner. They are even very social. At farms, where they are still frequently kept, they live together in real cat families. Only on the hunt they go separately. Their prey is much smaller than them, so they are not dependent on the help of their conspecifics.